The Many Benefits Of Good Posture

Having good posture is an important part of remaining healthy. IT helps you avoid back pain and premature wear on your bones, improves lung performance, and much more. In this article, we will explain what good posture is before explaining the many benefits that it provides.

What is good posture?

Posture is the form that your body takes when you are sitting, standing, and laying down. Maintaining “good” posture is positioning your body so there is less strain placed upon your body’s muscles and ligaments when in these positions.

It requires your body to be as close to its natural shape as possible. So if you are sitting down, this would mean:

Keeping your chin up and looking forward
Keeping your shoulders back (not slouching)
Bending your knees at a right angle
Keeping your feet flat on the floor
Keeping your back straight enough that all 3 natural curves of the spine are present.

Sitting with good posture distributes weight more evenly across your muscle groups – helping you avoid neck, shoulder and back pain. It also allows you to comfortably work for longer periods and avoid some serious long-term health problems.

Having a chair with lumbar support will help you maintain good back posture.

What are the benefits of good posture?

Protects your future health

Having good posture will keep your joints correctly aligned, protecting the joint surfaces from abnormal wear-and-tear. By preventing this type of wear-and-tear, you can lower your risk of various illnesses including arthritis and postural hunchback.

It makes it easier to breathe

The diaphragm is a large muscle that is responsible for respiration. When the diaphragm moves, it changes how much pressure there is within the thorax – causing air to either enter or exit the lungs.

Posture affects breathing because it changes how much room the diaphragm has to move. If you are slouched in a chair or while walking, the diaphragm cannot contract or expand as easily, preventing you from taking deep breaths. As soon as you correct your posture, you will immediately notice how much easier it is to breathe. This is a particularly useful benefit for anyone who has a health condition that affects their breathing.

Can help prevent back pain

Developing good posture can eliminate back pain caused by stressed muscles and poor joint alignment. It does so by actively reducing the strain placed on the muscles and joints by spreading weight across the entire body. This ensures that certain muscles or joints are not overworked or damaged.

Over time, having good posture will even improve the alignment of your spine, which will improve the condition of your back and reduce the risk of back injuries. You will be less likely to suffer from herniated discs, muscle strains or other back problems.

Improved physical performance

Good posture requires the use of more muscle groups. Not only does this reduce the chances of straining a single muscle, it can lead to an improvement in overall physical performance. Having the ability to engage muscles more evenly will help you perform better during daily activities and any sports that you play.

Strengthens the core

If you have already made improvements to your sitting posture, you will have noticed that your abdominal muscles feel more engaged. Your abdominals will be “sharing the load” with your back muscles as they keep your torso stable. The more you improve your posture, the stronger your core will get, thus improving the alignment of your spine, reducing stress on your back muscles, and improving your mobility.

Makes you look more attractive

Have you ever seen an actor or actress on a talk show? Did you notice how impeccable his or her posture was? Actors and actresses concentrate on having good posture because they understand how much it affects their appearance. By sitting tall in their seat and keeping their chin up, they will look much more beautiful or handsome to the viewers at home. You will gain the same benefits as you improve your posture.

Improved digestion of food

Sitting or standing with good posture will ensure your internal organs are in their natural position. This makes it easier for the body to digest food and perform other important functions like maintaining good blood circulation.

Can improve your mood

Researchers from the University of San Francisco have discovered that having good posture can help improve a person’s mood. They found that improved posture could also increase energy levels and reduce the risk of mental illnesses like depression.

Improving your posture can deliver some amazing benefits to your health and lifestyle. If you are interested in developing good posture, talk to a chiropractor or general practitioner. You can also use online resources like NHS choices to learn more.

How To Live An Overall Healthy Life

There are the obvious ways in which you can stay healthy and “live a long happy life,” but I want to talk about some of my favorite tips to being healthy. I know what it takes to be a healthy person, but it’s even hard for me sometimes. I read other peoples’ blogs sometimes to give myself motivation. Sometimes your mind isn’t enough. Sometimes you need other people to give you that push that you need to keep going. I’ve said it many times before and I’ll say it again: food and fitness are not the only aspects of health. I like to help people be healthy, but it’s going to take more than my words and my tips for you to follow through with your goals. One of my favorite tips is to cook meals that you know will fill you up. Also, make sure that it is something that you will enjoy eating, and that it will satisfy your cravings. The worst feeling ever is filling up on a bunch of food and realizing that you are still “hungry,” because you have a craving for something more. Listen to your body when it tells you it needs something sweet. There are healthy things that are sweet. Eat an orange! Another tip what I have for my viewers is to be honest with yourself. If you’re lying to yourself, how do you expect someone else to be truthful with you?! I’m talking honesty in all aspects. For example, for one, be honest with yourself if you need a cheat meal. It’s okay to have a cheat meal to get through the week. Your week is going to be just horrible if you are constantly drowning yourself in lettuce. That’s the physical aspect about being honest with yourself. The mental part about being honest is that you need to just be an honest person overall. You attract what you give. You don’t want to get caught up with what you think you want and what you really need. Also, do not put too much on your body (or mind) that it cannot handle. Only you know what is too much, what is just enough, and what isn’t enough. You have to push yourself in all aspects of life but not to the point of no survival.

Relationships are another huge aspect to living an overall healthy life. You accept the love you think you deserve. That is why it’s so important to not only have a healthy body, and a health mind, but also a love for yourself. You have to love yourself enough to know what you deserve. If someone isn’t making any positive contributions to your life, then in all reality, they have no point in being there. Also, if there are more negative aspects to a relationship rather than positives, it’s time to let go. Negativity in your relationships effects you more than you realize. It effects your confidence and your overall well being. Unfortunately, you are setting the standard for all of the following people to enter your life. They have to know how they need to treat you in order to stay in your life. If you allow people to walk all over you, they’re going to.

Another thing that I want to touch on is family. Some people in your life will come and go. Friends will most likely come and go. Boyfriends/girlfriends will come and go but family is blood and family is forever. You can’t get rid of them. You were put with them for a reason and they are there to get you through the times when you feel as if you have no one. Yes, you may fight with your family. In fact, I fight more with my family than I do with my friends. But, I also forgive them much faster than anyone else. I know that they know me better than anyone else. They’ve known me longer than anyone else in my life and so has your family. While sometimes you may feel as though they don’t know what you want… they know what you need and that’s more important.

Another huge part of living a healthy life is sleep. I’m sure you know that you’re supposed to get enough sleep every night, but did you know that too much sleep is horrible for you? Did you know that there is a significant correlation between too much sleep and weight gain. I don’t know the entire reason for that, but I do know that skipping breakfast is bad for your metabolism so I’m sure that that has something to do with it. For me, if I know that I have a long day ahead of me, I make sure that I get to bed very really. Ever since I got a Fitbit, I noticed how horrible my sleeping patterns are. Sometimes I’ll go to bed around 10 and wake up at 8 and I’ll still be exhausted. So, I check my Fitbit and I see that I only got 5 hours of sleep. I am obsessed with my Fitbit because it is so accurate. My dad wears one too and his says he gets good sleep, so it is different for everyone but I am so glad that I got one, because now I know why I have been so tired throughout the day after thinking I got 8+ hours of sleep.

So, with all of that being said, I want everyone to be the best person they can be. Follow all aspects of health and don’t just focus on the physical features. A healthy mind can mean a healthy life, too. I think everyone needs to focus more on the different parts of health. In fact, I would argue that weight is just a number. Muscle weighs more fat. People need to stop seeing the numbers on a scale as a representation of health. I learned to be happy with my weight, because I know that my body contains a lot of muscle. Once again, thank you for tuning in.

Why You Should Find a Doctor Who You Can Get Along With

It is always important to deal with people who you can easily get along with. When it comes to medical issues, this is not any different. You should find someone who you are very comfortable speaking to as this is the very first step to great communication. This is also the best way to ensure that you can express your health issues and get help as soon as the need arises. When you can communicate with your doctor, you will access medical advice easily. You can have solutions that suit your daily habits and values. Such a doctor can also connect you to any other health care specialists and providers that you may need.

For those who do not have a doctor, or anyone who wants to make a switch, then you should find one. Regardless of why you need to talk to a doctor, you should always find someone that you can talk to freely and one that you can trust with your issues. There are some of us who will stick to one doctor just because we do not want their feelings to be hurt. However, every doctor understands that everyone has got their own needs and how important it is for a patient to find someone that they are comfortable dealing with.

Decide exactly what it is that you need

This should be the first step. You should list all the qualities which matter most to you. Is gender of importance to you? Do you need someone that is available in the evenings too? Do you need someone speaking your own language? Do you need someone with their own practice? Find out all the qualities that you want before anything else.

Identify a couple of doctors

When you have identified your categories, you can ask medical specialists, relatives, and friends for some recommendations. Ask about the kind of experiences they have had with such a doctor. When you are given the same name several times, it means that the possibility is quite strong.

Consult the available reference sources

There are several databases that can help you in finding the kind of doctor you want. There are several bodies, depending on your location, that have the mandate to make this information available. Such a website may not recommend an individual doctor, but rather will have a list of the doctors that are worth considering. You can access different directories that can really help. When someone is recognized by such bodies, then you will be certain that they are qualified to handle the position. You need to get in touch with your local medical society so as to find out if there have been any complaints filed against a doctor that you may be considering.

Board Certified Doctors

When a doctor is board certified, it means that they have received some extra training after graduating from medical school. The areas of such specialty include orthopedics, gynecology, geriatrics, family medicine, and general internal medicine. Find out about the doctors who have this certification in your area if you need more qualifications.

Doctors are an important part of life. Finding a suboxone doctor near me may not be an easy feat. Suboxone doctors allow you to access a list of all certified doctors in your area making it easy for you to locate a reliable provider.

Arthroscopic ACL Surgery

Arthroscopic ACL surgical treatment is done to repair a partially or completely torn anterior cruciate ligament(ACL). ACL wounds account for about 40% of all sporting injuries and can lead to long-term pain and instability. There are two types of ACL knee surgery commonly performed depending on the severity of the damage, ACL repair surgery or an ACL reconstruction.

In most cases, ACL knee surgery is performed arthroscopically these days. Through Small holes, a special camera and Surgical tools are inserted into the knee in this Arthroscopic surgical process.

It is usually referred to as “keyhole surgery”. The big advantage is that the surgeon can assess the joint and repair any injuries without fully opening the joint. This speeds up recovery due to less trauma to the knee.

What Is An ACL Injury?

Arthroscopic ACL surgery is recommended when there is significant damage to the ACL. The ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) is one of a pair of ligaments in the mid of the knee joint, responsible to provide stability. It is a very strong ligament but if it gets overstressed, the fibres start to tear. With enough force, it can rupture completely.

ACL injuries are generally caused by:

1) Sudden, awkward movements of the knee e.g. winding the knee or overextending it

2) Direct blow: to the outside of the knee when the foot is fixed to the ground e.g. in sportsmen wearing studs

3 grades of ACL injury:

Grade 1: The ligament is overstretched and less than 10% of the fibres are torn. Should heal naturally in a few weeks.

Grade 2: Ligaments are intact when most of the fibres are torn. May heal with a rehab programme or may require arthroscopic ACL surgery.

Grade 3: The ligament is completely ruptured i.e. torn in two. Usually requires arthroscopic knee surgery.

Types of Arthroscopic ACL Surgery

Arthroscopic ACL surgery is performed to resume the stability of the knees.

2 types of Operation to treat ACL injuries and both are done arthroscopically.

1) ACL Repair Surgery:

Arthroscopic ACL repair surgery is performed when the muscle is broken off from the bone (called as an avulsion). The ligament is reattached to the bone and held in place. Repair is sometimes done if the ligament is partially torn. The surgeon sews the ligament back together in order to heal. However, there is a high failure rate so in most cases, it is better to go for a reconstruction than repair.

2) ACL Reconstruction:

If there is more significant damage or ongoing problems with pain and instability, the torn muscle is removed and replaced with an implant, generally taken from your hamstring or patellar tendon.

A reconstruction is much more common than a repair.

Preparing for Surgery

Performing Operation too quickly is coupled with an increased failure rate due to re-rupture of the new transplant. Your Physician will probably want you to wait until:

1) The swelling is reduced

2) You regain full range of movement at the knee

3) You build up the strength of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles

They may refer you to physio before your operation to urge you started a rehab programme. This will also have a positive impact on the recovery process.

What Happens During Surgery?

With both forms of arthroscopic ACL surgery, 2 or 3 small slits are made at the side of the knee. A special camera (known as an arthroscope) is inserted through one hole so that the surgeon can see the level of the damage. Special tools (such as scissors or lasers) are then inserted through the other hole and used to repair or replace any damaged tissue.

What Happens After Surgery?

Arthroscopic ACL surgery is not a fast fix. Both procedures require a few months of rehab to make up the strength and stability of the knee.

Do I Need Surgery?

Many people recover from ACL injuries without any need for arthroscopic ACL surgery, even some people with the completely ruptured ligament. It essentially comes down to 2 things, how severely the stability of the knee has been affected and what activities the affected individual does to become normal.

Arthroscopic ACL surgery is therefore indicated in individuals who:

a) want to return to pivoting sports e.g. football, skiing, tennis, rugby, boxing or hockey

b) suffer problems of instability with their knee giving way during their everyday activities

Alternatives to Surgery

Not everybody whose ligament ruptures goes for an arthroscopic ACL surgery. Exercise rehabilitation for fully or a partially torn ACL appears to make up the strength of the knee ligaments so that they can supply enough stability and support for the knee to compensate for the torn ACL. It additionally helps train the muscles and other ligaments to supply proprioceptive feedback to gain more stability. It normally takes a few months of rehab to completely recover from a torn ACL.

How to Support Someone With Alcohol Addiction

The American Medical Association (AMA) defines alcoholism or alcohol dependence as a primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations.

Research shows that while some people develop a dependence on alcohol due to family history, childhood abuse or poor self-esteem, a few others get into alcohol use because of peer pressure or to fit into a certain group of people. However, irrespective of the influences that persuade a person to use alcohol, the bittersweet truth is that the journey from “one drink” to “one last drink” is mostly not anticipated.

It is so because unlike the popular belief, once a person passes the threshold levels of alcohol abuse, dependence and tolerance, he/she tends to develop an addiction to alcohol. By this time, his/her brain chemistry gets altered due to substance use and it becomes extremely difficult for him/her to quit alcohol because of the discomforting withdrawal symptoms.

It is also important to know that alcohol addiction is different from alcohol abuse. Those who abuse alcohol usually drink heavily, but not regularly. Such people behave recklessly or have a tendency to mix substances of abuse, which can lead to alcohol poisoning. Further, abuse may lead to addiction, but not vice-versa. However, alcohol addiction involves all aspects-dependence, abuse and tolerance.

State of alcohol addiction in America

Alcoholism is soaring in the United States, the worst part being the fact that more than 80,000 people are losing their lives to alcohol every year.

Recent statistics by renowned research and analysis organizations like the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reveal the current state of health of Americans.

Here are a few alarming statistics:

Alcoholism is the third leading lifestyle-related cause of death in the nation. (Source: NCADD)
Six people lose their lives due to alcohol poisoning every day; three out of four such people are men. (NIAAA)
Every day in the U.S., another 29 people die as a result of drunk driving crashes. That’s one person every 50 minutes. (Source: MADD)
Around 4,700 teens are killed every year due to alcohol use, which is way more than the deaths caused by all illegal drugs combined. (NIAAA)
Men are twice as likely as women to overdo drinking, be intoxicated behind the wheel or be involved in fatal motor vehicle accidents. (NIAAA)
Approximately one in two women of childbearing age drink, and 18 percent of women in this group binge drink (five drinks per binge, on an average).
Less than 8 percent of the 15 million plus people who struggle with an alcohol use disorder receive treatment. (NIAAA)
Up to 40 percent of all hospital beds in the United States (except for those being used by maternity and intensive care patients) are being used to treat health conditions that are related to alcohol consumption. (NCADD)

Knowing the warning signs of alcohol addiction

Alcohol consumes the body and the mind of the person using it. While the warning signs of drug and alcohol addiction are many, the disruption in normal life caused due to alcohol addiction has serious effects on the afflicted person’s thoughts, feelings and actions.

Hence, even if alcohol addiction may not seem like a real thing, it is a big menace. To stay away from being trapped, you should be watchful of these red flags:

Resorting to alcohol for every celebration or sorrow
Preferring to drink alone than in someone’s company
Lying about the drinking habit and behavior
Binge drinking whenever and wherever possible
Negligent attitude toward own health and responsibilities
Reckless behavior or no fear of law or rules after drinking
Frequent blackouts, leading to impaired memory functioning
Weight gain caused due to slow absorption of nutrients from food
Development of tolerance to the substance
Discomforting withdrawal symptoms, severe than a hangover

Understanding effects of alcohol use on your body

Alcohol is not the solution to any problem. In fact, its dependence, abuse or addiction is a problem in itself.

The resultant alterations in brain chemistry caused due to alcohol addiction affect both physical and mental well-being of the afflicted person. When left untreated, existing issues aggravate and comorbid disorders develop. Getting an accurate diagnosis and undergoing proper treatment can often be a far-fetched dream if the consulting expert is unable to determine if the symptoms are present due to an addiction or a mental illness.

Here is a view of the short- and long-term effects of alcohol use on your body:

Short-term effects

Long-term effects

· Slurred speech, drowsiness, headaches

· Vomiting, diarrhea, anemia

· Difficulty in breathing

· Distorted vision and hearing, decreased coordination

· Coma, blackouts, unconsciousness

· Impaired judgment

· Hormonal changes

· Sleep problems

· Accidental injuries due to inebriation, violent behavior

· Fetal damage

· Loss of productivity, increased problems in relationships

· High blood pressure, alcohol poisoning, liver disease

· Nerve damage, stroke, heart-related diseases, permanent brain damage

· Ulcers, gastritis, cancer

· Sexual problems

· Depression, personality disorders, suicide

Supporting someone with alcohol addiction

If someone you know is experiencing the above mentioned signs and effects of an alcohol addiction, then your support can be a great aid.

It is with your support that attaining recovery can become a priority for them and everything they love does not have to come last. When that happens, the afflicted person learns to persevere and be remembered for his/her recovery and not his/her addiction.

Here are ways of helping someone with an alcohol addiction:

Understand the nuances of alcohol addiction by seeking guidance from published resources and qualified experts.
Encourage them to be open about the challenges faced so that you can help them find alternates or solutions to the same.
Tell them about the effects their habits are having on you/others so that they do not take you/others for granted.
Convey to them that you are by their side always irrespective of how bad or good the situation may be.
Convince them to join a support group or attend community meetings to learn from people facing similar battles.
Spare time to take them to detox or therapy sessions whenever possible so that they do not feel alone or demotivated.
Lead by example by making a no-drinking pact and rewarding each other for a sober lifestyle from time to time.
Be forgiving and avoid blaming them for anything wrong happening in their life, even when the same is true.
Avoid confronting them or getting into an argument with them when they are not sober.
Remember to keep a tab on your physical or mental health while trying to help them.
Refrain from drinking yourself to escape the stress or find an easy solution.
Convince them to seek a second opinion from another qualified expert when no favorable results are visible.

Ways to reduce alcohol addiction stigma

As alcohol addiction continues to claim more lives than ever, it is important to remember that the stigma surrounding alcohol addiction is a key contributor to the same.

Supporting someone with alcohol problem is possible. You can do your bit to reduce the deadly stigma by following the useful tips given below:

Remember that addiction is a disease and spread the word so that others too can change their outlook.
Practice the habit of not judging people with addiction and encourage others to do so too.
Talk statistics and proven facts instead of communicating personal opinions.
Offer help and support to people with addiction by convincing them to seek help.
Maintain your calm and composure when helping an afflicted person in denial.
Guide people who have little control over their situation to seek help.
Give your best efforts to help the afflicted person in identifying the root cause of his/her addiction.
Never allow anyone to treat a person with addiction in ways that can put him/her under undue pressure.
Lead by example and stay away from any form of addiction yourselves.
Be open about your shortcomings (read: addiction) if you have one and seek timely help.
Motivate people to share their own battles and recovery journey so that others can learn from them.
Join organizations and nonprofit agencies committed to such issues.

How to help a person with addiction who doesn’t want help

Living in denial or showing little or no willingness to talk about addiction is a characteristic many people with addiction have.

Should the same be a thing of worry? Not really! There are several ways of helping a person living in denial about addiction, including the following:

· Persuasion: The first step involves communicating how their habits are affecting the physical or mental health of the members of the family/neighborhood. To attain success, it is important to plan the conversation in advance, fix a mutually suitable time for the conversation and cite specific instances instead of personal opinions.

Further, confrontations and blame game should be avoided. You must do this over a few days. Additionally, you can simultaneously do the following things to ensure that your efforts do not go in vain:

o Telling them on a regular basis that you/others understand how difficult it must be for them.

o Convincing them to join support groups where they can learn from people facing similar struggles.

o Discussing the importance of a healthy lifestyle and what they are missing out on due to their habits.

o Joining activities that you can do together, such as a sport, dancing classes or anything else of mutual interest.

o Accompanying them to the doctor at least during the first few visits and when they are low or demotivated.

o Attending family therapy sessions to strengthen the bond between the two of you and other members of the family/loved ones.

· Setting clear limits and boundaries: While allowing the afflicted person to take some time to mend his/her habits through the aforementioned ways, it is also necessary to let him/her know that he/she does not have an indefinite period of time to think and act.

You can do so by conveying the eventual consequences of his/her habits. Further, you should also refrain from enabling him/her. It is natural for family members/loved ones to fall prey to the tantrums or the lies of the afflicted person. This can give the false impression to the afflicted that he/she has control over everything.

Taking a stance and sticking to it helps the afflicted person know that he/she is in a tight spot. This has the potential to convince him/her to at least seek professional guidance for his/her habits, if not the treatment in the first go itself.

· Medical intervention: If nothing seems to be working well to help an afflicted person in denial, it becomes extremely important to reach out to a professional interventionist or a certified medical practitioner. Their experience and expertise can help them reason with the afflicted person. However, you should plan this in advance so that there are no last minute issues. Doing so is possible by involving concerned family members and friends who know the afflicted person well and are ready to stand by him/her.

Further, you should also be aware of the concerned person’s habits and behaviors. This can help the interventionist have a backup team ready, just in case a medical emergency arises. You should also practice self-care by joining a support group or consulting a therapist yourselves. This is necessary because sometimes, in our endeavor to help someone else, we end up putting our physical or mental health at stake.

Alcohol addiction is treatable

Regardless of whether a person is an occasional drinker, regular drinker or a heavy drinker, the truth is that alcohol does not discriminate when it comes to affecting the user’s body and mind. It slowly crawls upon to become an addiction and with time, instead of the person abusing alcohol, alcohol begins to abuse him/her back.

But the good news is that alcohol addiction is treatable. With the help of a comprehensive treatment program that involves therapy, detox, self-care and a relapse prevention strategy, seeking a full, healthy and lasting recovery from alcohol addiction is possible. The key to the same is consulting a qualified addiction expert who has experience in dealing with patients with addiction as well as comorbid disorders. He/she can also enable the family members/ loved ones of the afflicted person with ways to help someone with alcohol addiction.

You too can help someone overcome alcohol addiction. When you religiously follow the dos an don’ts of helping a person with addiction, it can be a blessing for the afflicted person and his/her loved ones.

Take the first step toward supporting someone with alcohol dependence today and witness the difference you can make to their lives! Every bit of your support for alcohol addiction and the people afflicted with it, will count, sooner or later.

This Is The First Thing You Should Do If You Have A Blood Clot In Your Leg

So, you’ve got a blood clot in your leg. It’s a heavy sentence that causes a lot of worry about one’s health. Blood clots are nothing to take lightly, but it is important to know that if your doctor indicates that you’re dealing with a blood clot in your leg, you need to be focused on hearing what the next steps are in addressing the issue.

Maintaining your focus when you know you’re dealing with a blood clot in your leg is easier said than done. Your first inclination will be to get online and look-up something on the more popular medicine sites & see what you’ve got to look forward to. Unfortunately, you’re getting a very incomplete picture. What’s more, the levels of misinformation that exist out there can lead you to make poor decisions about your health, and that’s never good. Contrary to what you may have heard, a blood clot is not an immediate death sentence.

If you suspect that you have a blood clot in your leg, here’s the first thing you should do – go to the emergency room immediately. The emergency department of your local hospital is trained in getting right to work, which means you won’t be wasting time in your treatment.

It’s important to know that blood clots don’t just happen such as what one might experience in a thrombotic storm, a condition in which more than one blood clot occurs in a short period of time. These clots occur in different and sometimes unusual locations. It’s aggressive, difficult to treat, and there’s not much information out there to go on.

When you head to the emergency room, be sure to have a record of the medicine you take and the reasons why you take it. Physicians will want to know the ins and outs of what you’re working with in terms of medication, which can inform them as to the best course of action for your treatment. Also, have a working knowledge of your family medical history. It may seem like overkill, but every bit of information is helpful.

You’re going to be dealing with a number of medical professionals in the emergency room. Doctors, nurses, CNAs, and more will be coming in and out of your space. You’ll also have a lot of information zipping past you. Do not hesitate in asking as many questions as you want. You have the right to be informed about what is happening and why.

The time will come when it must be determined if you’ll be admitted to the hospital for further treatment or sent home. The truth is that every patient is different, which means that there’s no real definitive answer. That said, doctors will usually err on the side of caution so that you can receive the “all clear” before heading home. The last thing you’d want is for something potentially dangerous to be missed.

Being told that you have a blood clot in your leg is not something anyone wants to hear, but the best thing you can do is not panic. If you suspect you have a blood clot in your leg, get to the emergency room. Once there, it can be a little scary, but focus & be an active participant in your treatment.

Oxycontin Addiction Help

This is a very powerful man-made opioid drug that has strong habit forming tendencies. Although you can get this illegally it is often prescribed by a physician as a pain medication to help relieve pain from arthritis, injuries, cancer, and other medical conditions. This is a brand name for oxycodone, which is a time-released formula that will give the patient up to twelve hours of relief from chronic pain. When it is bought illegally on the street the person can get the full effects of the drug because they destroy the time-release formula by crushing it, diluting it in water, snorting it, or injecting it. Whether it is by a prescription or gotten illegally on the street a person can become addicted to it.

When a person becomes addicted there are many different ways to get oxycontin addiction help. The first and most important thing is to actually want the help because if not treatment will not work or just work for a little while and the person will still be addicted and continue to abuse the drug.

Oxycontin addiction help

• Medications-the longer you are addicted to oxycontin the more the chemistry in your brain can change, making it more difficult to recover from the addiction. There are certain medications that can help to treat certain opiate cravings. Some of these include buprenophine, naltrexone, and methadone. A person will also have to treat any co-occurring or underlying mental health condition like bi-polar disorders, panic attacks, anxiety, or depression. Medications can also help with these problems. Taking these medications need to be monitored by a professional to make sure it is done correctly and the patient does not find themselves addicted to the medications that is used to help with oxycontin addiction.

• Behavioral treatments-these treatments include a wide range of things but many consist of cognitive behavioral and contingency management. Group therapy may also be involved as well as individual therapy sessions. The type of behavioral therapy that is used will tailored to fit each individual. Many times it is helpful if the patient has one-on-one therapy sessions with a psychologist, addiction counselor, or therapist. To completely recover from oxycontin addiction any emotional reasons for getting addicted should also be treated

Although it is possible to stop taking oxycontin cold turkey it is not advisable. You should seek oxycontin addiction help from a professional. If it is a prescription medication you should consult your physician first. They will be able to wean you from the medication slowly while you seek behavioral therapy treatments. They can also refer you to the right professionals for this type therapy. If you start to experience withdrawal symptoms the physician can prescribe painkillers that are non-opiate to help you out.

This article is penned by Lora Davis for Qualis Care. Going through drug addiction is difficult for everyone involved, and people of all ages can suffer from this disease. If you are looking for an oxycontin rehab in Louisiana or treatment center in Louisiana then Qualis Care is where you can find suitable treatment.

The Role Of The Brain In Addiction

Technology has its mighty hand over every field in the world now. And since the base of technology is science, so how could medical sector not undergo changes! Neuroscience has always been an area of immense complexities and curiosities. Advances in this sector has allowed doctors to dig deeper into the brain and even study minutest of changes that happen due to substance intake.

When we talk about addiction as a brain disease, the reward system of the brain plays a very important role.

Physiologically, limbic system is the brain’s reward system. Mesolimbic and mesocortical pathways (Mid-brain) have our cognitive control and functions which would be both reward related and aversion related. Reward related functions are always stronger and more motivating than aversion, hence drug abuse behavior is stronger in addicts. The reward system connects certain structures in such a way that they generate the feeling of pleasure for certain behaviors or stimulus given to the body. In day-to-day life, it is activated by healthy, life-sustaining activities like eating and socializing. But ‘Drug Abuse’ is another behavior that generates euphoria, which is enjoyed by the mind. And human nature is to repeat those actions that give us some definite satisfaction. The limbic system does more than just giving a reward response. For any behavior to be reinforced, it has to be first registered as pleasant to the mind and body. Limbic system in the brain recognizes our positive and negative emotions, which very well explains, how our body and mind get dependent on any psychoactive mood altering substance.

However, with recent developments, neurobiology has been able to study how addiction is related to the brain. Researchers and scientists studied the brain’s reaction to different substances and discovered that drug abuse actually alters the chemical makeup of the brain, which is what causes addiction and they named it as a ‘Brain Disease.’

Since the brain is placed as the epicenter of human activity, it is the initiation point of every phenomenon that occurs. Whatever we feel, experience or think, all is first registered by the brain and within lesser than nanoseconds, it commands us to act. It communicates through neurons, neurotransmitters, receptors and transporters. Yes, it is very complicated and sounds mystical too (specially to people like me who have not studied biology after high school)

How do Drugs Affect the Brain?
Psychoactive substances interrupt with the communication systems of the brain. They interfere with the way a message is transmitted and sent to its defined destination. No matter how much people say that cannabis would not be called a drug, it is a plant, but the reality remains unchanged, which is, that everything has certain chemical composition. For example, Heroin and Marijuana’s chemical structure are like copies of a natural neurotransmitter. Amphetamines mimic catecholamine neurotransmitters, causing general physiological changes which prepare the body for physical activity and fight-or-flight response. So, the moment the body is intoxicated with a drug containing amphetamines or its derivatives, it starts reacting in unnatural ways by raising blood pressure, increased alertness resulting in sleeplessness, blood glucose levels. They can easily activate neurons, giving various directions to the body to react in a different way, than would a natural neurotransmitter would! Cocaine can make a person delirious, because it releases natural neurotransmitters in bulk and blocks the natural recycling process of neurotransmitters by the brain. Amphetamine causes drug tolerance very quickly and rapidly too.

Chronic addictive drug use causes alterations in the process by which information from a gene is used to synthesize a gene product- RNA or Protein. Nigrostriatal Pathway is a dopaminergic pathway that plays an extensive and unavoidable role in addiction. It comprises of Transcription Factor, which is a protein that controls what all information has to go from the DNA to the messenger RNA. Psychoactive substances block, many of the neural and behavioral alterations that are to be taken to the RNA. Altered dopamine transmission is the first thing that comes to notice in cases of drug abuse.

These have been many studies extensively done by medical science researchers on addiction. There is a wide range of chemicals that people use to reach a euphoric state. But the gist of it all is, that they play with the normal functioning of brain by altering the natural chemicals that ought to be there.

How Does the Reward System Work?
Whenever a person happens to do something that takes him to a different state of mind for a while, like reaching the oomph point in a sexually pleasurable activity, treating the taste buds with a new and a very different flavor or winning an excessive amount of money or any other valuable resource that he could use to be really rich, the brain takes it all in the same way. It activates the same gland and releases the same chemical Dopamine, which functions as a neurotransmitter, in all scenarios that seem to be pleasurable or exciting. Similarly, whenever the body receives an antibody that becomes too exciting for it like any drug, chemical or alcohol, the body releases certain amount of dopamine or cuts down its level. It is a problematic scenario is there is too much or too little of dopamine released by the brain. Drugs are addictive because they release up-to 10 times more dopamine than a natural neurotransmitter can! But when the body gets tolerant to the same drug and its amount, it can even cut down its normal release of dopamine!

The Best Ways to Get Rid of Leg Cramps

Have you ever been struck by a sudden, painful leg cramp? Most of us have at some point, and it’s not a pleasant experience. All we can think about is how to get leg cramp relief. Most of the time the leg cramp will disappear as fast as it came. But what about those leg cramps that won’t go away no matter what you do? There is relief. Check out the leg cramp remedies below to find out what people have found most helpful. These leg cramp treatments have been tried and tested by millions of people for hundreds of years.

• Stretching

One of the reasons people get leg cramps is that they are overusing a particular muscle. So, if you are working on a specific task, try changing your position or using other muscle groups. If you are stationary or lying down, try to get up and stretch periodically. The key is that you don’t want your leg muscle overworked. At the same time, you don’t want your leg muscles lying idle, such as when you are sitting in a chair all day either.

• Water

Most of the time leg cramps are caused by dehydration. This one is an easy fix, but it’s something that a lot of people neglect. Try to drink plenty of water throughout the day, especially if you continue to have cramps. A lot of people don’t like drinking water, so grab a drink such as Gatorade if you don’t like the taste of water.

• Hot or Cold

For those leg cramps that don’t seem to go away, a hot or cold press is sometimes needed. Take a cold towel or an ice pack and apply it to the area of the cramp. Sometimes a heat pack will work better. You will have to experiment to see what works best for you. You can buy small heating packs or even a small heating pad at Amazon.com relatively inexpensively if you shop around. An ice pack is generally used by most people, but buying a small heating pad could be a worthwhile investment.

• Massage

Massaging the area is the most common technique that most people try. The great news is that it works! Just remember to take it slow, and don’t apply too much pressure. You want to slowly work the leg cramp out. Gently massage the area surrounding the cramp and work your way directly over where it hurts. Don’t try to rush it. Go slow until the muscle starts to relax and you feel relief.

• Vitamins

Your muscles need a lot of different vitamins. Lack of vitamins, such as B12, have been associated with nocturnal leg cramps. You can take a multivitamin to help give your muscles the vitamins and minerals your muscles need. Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking any medication. Allergies and other relevant information are important to let your doctor know.

• Keep Legs Warm During the Winter

Keeping your legs warm in the winter can also prevent leg cramps. No one is sure why the cold causes leg cramps, but many have speculated that the cold could cause the leg muscles to contract. Leg and foot warmers can be found at places such as Amazon or your local department store.

• Foot Bath/Soak before Sleep

If you decide to try a foot bath, make sure you use epsom salt. Epsom salt contains magnesium which will absorb into your skin to help with cramps. You can also try mixing in some apple cider vinegar which is high in potassium. These two minerals are electrolytes, which carry the electric signal to your brain for muscle contraction and relaxing.

• Moving

If leg cramps hit you at night, sometimes it’s good to get up and move around. A cramp is caused by a muscle not relaxing. So, by moving you can reset that process in your brain by causing the muscle to contract and then relax again.

• Calcium

A lack of calcium can cause leg cramps as well. Calcium is an electrolyte, which, when low, will not allow your leg muscles to relax. Eating foods such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, which are high in calcium, can help. If dairy products don’t work for you, eat things like broccoli, sardines, or kale, which are all high in calcium as well.

Most of the time leg cramps are caused by something that is preventing your muscle from relaxing, so you may need to experiment to see what works for you. Just remember to keep hydrated and try to stretch periodically throughout the day. If none of these methods work, then you may need to see a doctor. Sometimes a doctor can prescribe a vitamin that your body is lacking. So, follow up with your doctor if you feel that you may have a more serious problem.

Never Kiss A Parrot

Beware pets that can become health pests!

Because if you give him an unwanted peck, he might give you Psittacosis. Whazzat? That’s another way of spelling ‘fatal attraction’… And while you’re about it, you might as well also watch out for (Ouch!) pussy’s claws, (Scratch, scratch!) leaping fleas, and (Eeeagh!) hairy-scary caterpillars…

If you are suddenly besieged by high fever, chills and a splitting headache, you’ll probably think you have malaria. Or even pneumonia. So might your doctor. Then he might embark upon a whole lot of anti-malarial drugs – even those for resistant malaria. You won’t get better, so he’ll switch over to strong antibiotics. Again, no go. Then you’ll both beat your foreheads in frustration. But, finally, if your physician is perceptive enough, he’ll ask you if you’ve got a bird. You’ll answer in the affirmative. Suddenly, his face will light up with a ‘Eureka’ expression. He’ll have just realised you’re suffering from Psittacosis.

Come again, you say, Psittacosis. It’s a disease that is passed on to man by birds. When parrots and parakeets are the culprits, sorry, carries, Ornithosis, is the word used. Other birds that carry this disease are pigeons and poultry (although it’s quite rare to get the disease from hens). Apart from the symptoms already mentioned, you could get a harsh, dry, intermittent cough and occasionally bring up a little sputum and even blood. There is generalised bodyache and the back and neck muscles could become stiff and painful, so the condition could even be mistaken by doctors for meningitis. Some patients feel tired, listless and depressed and complain of insomnia as well. With such a wide range of possible symptoms it’s easy to see how doctors can be misled. Especially when you consider that there could be even further complications of this illness – including pleurisy with effusion or water in the lungs, inflammation of the heart muscles or myocarditis membrane or pericarditis. The malady could even prove fatal. Actually kissing parrots, not washing your hands after handling birds (and their feeding dishes) before you sit down to lunch, and staying in extremely close proximity to them could make you a victim of psittacosis a week or two after contact, that’s how long the incubation period is. Occasionally, however, you could just get a mild ‘flu-like indisposition which might pass off by itself.

But why take chances? The disease can be diagnosed by getting an x-ray done; this shows a pneumonia-like picture. There is also protein in the urine. But the confirmatory test is a blood culture which reveals the causative bacteria. Otherwise, the overall picture of the disease can be confusing, since Psittacosis could be mistaken for Tuberculosis and Infectious mononucleosis as well as the other conditions listed above. Tetracycline is the best drug for this disease.

BEWARE OF PUSSY’S CLAWS!

Chances are you’ve heard of an ailment called cat Scratch disease, but is there really such a thing? Yes, there is, rare though it may be. All you need is a cat, sharp claws, some provocation and – OUCH! She’s raked her nails into you! What happens next? A tiny, pimple-like swelling may appear at the site of the scratch, approximately three to ten days later. Two weeks after this, the lymph glands in the neck (or armpits or groin) become swollen and painful. Very often, this is all that happens. But in some patients there may also be high fever, headache, nausea and exhaustion. Only five per cent develop a body rash that resembles measles.

A skin test confirms the diagnosis. A biopsy of the swollen gland may also be done as additional confirmation.

This ailment cannot be transmitted from one person to another, so there’s no need to isolate the sufferer. Usually, no treatment is needed, apart from giving medicines for the fever. The outcome is excellent. The swollen glands disappear spontaneously in two to six months. The subsequent immunity to this disease lasts a lifetime. On the whole, this is a very rare disease, so you needn’t throw out your poor feline.

WATCH OUT FOR THOSE LEAPING FLEAS

One can get a skin irritation from the fleas of dogs, cats and rats. Several people show no response to a flea bite, but in those who are sensitive, the flea’s saliva causes a tiny, raised, reddish swelling. There is intense itching, so they scratch the affected area again and again, introducing infection into the skin, which ulcerates or develops pustules. This condition is known as Flea Dermatitis. One can control the fleas by keeping the house and all pets scrupulously clean (oneself too!), regularly delousing one’s pets and their beds with powders or by using flea collars. The dermatitis is treated with soothing creams and anti-allergy pills.

STAY AWAY FROM MR. CATERPILLAR!

Caterpillars do seem to appear in the most unexpected places – like the chair in which you’re just about to sit, or on your sweater hanging out on the clothesline! Before you can say ‘hairy horror’, one has brushed against you. And left its stinging bristles deeply embedded in your skin. You feel a terrific burning pain in the area. Redness and urticaria (hives) develop. And the more you scratch, the deeper you push the hairs in. some enterprising victims employ dough, which is rolled in a to-and-fro motion over the area. Let me tell you an even better method, a sure-fire one – using sticking plaster. Just fix a strip of it to the skin where the hairs are embedded, press, lift off one end and pull sharply – presto, all the bristles come out and the itching soon subsides.

If left alone, the inflammation usually subsides in 24 hours, but in some people a severe allergy develops which may have to be treated with I.V. Calcium Gluconate. In less serious cases, anti-allergy pills and soothing creams help after the hairs have been pulled out.

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